Slide 1: Cornell University

 

Slide 2: Who Are People with Disabilities?

Demographic Patterns

Andrew J. Houtenville, Ph.D.

Employment and Disability Institute

School of Industrial and Labor Relations

Cornell University

Ithaca, New York

 

The Future of Disability Statistics:  What we Know and Need to Know

October 5, 2006

 

Slide 3: Definition of Disability from ACS

·        Do you have any of the following conditions:

a. Blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment? ... “Sensory Disability”

b. A condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying? ... “Physical Disability”

 

Slide 4: Definition of Disability from ACS

·        Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting 6 months or more, do you have any difficulty in doing any of the following activities:

                  a. Learning, remembering, or concentrating? ... “Mental Disability”

    b. Dressing, bathing, or getting around inside the home? ... “Self-Care Disability”

 

Slide 5: Definition of Disability from ACS

·        Because of a physical, mental, or emotional condition lasting 6 months or more, do you have any difficulty in doing any of the following activities:

a. Going outside the home alone to shop or visit a doctor's office? ... “Go-Outside-Home Disability”

b. Working at a job or business? ... “Employment Disability”

 

Slide 6: Prevalence Rate, by Age

Line graph showing progression of disability over ages, where the prevalence remains stable through the younger pre-21 years, then increasing steadily over the working age age-group (21-64) with an overall prevalence over the age-group of 12.6%. Disability then increases in prevalence among the older population at a growing rate.

 

Slide 7: Prevalence Rate, by Gender (Ages 21-64)

                        Male    Female

Prevalence        12.4     12.8

 

Slide 8: Prevalence Rate, by Race/Ethnicity (Ages 21-64)

                                                            Prevalence:

Asian alone                                           6.3

Hispanic                                               10.4

Some other race alone                          10.8

White alone                                          12.6

Nat. HI/Other Pac. Islander alone         12.7    

Black or African American alone           16.9    

Alaska Native alone                              21.3

Two or more major races                     21.5

American Indian alone              22.4

Amer. Ind. & AK Nat. & no other        28.0

 

Slide 9: Prevalence Rate, by Selected States (Ages 21-64)

                                    Prevalence:

New Jersey                              9.4

Hawaii                                      9.7

Minnesota                                9.8

Nevada                                    9.9

Connecticut                              10.0

United States                            12.6

*Alabama                                 18.1

*Mississippi                              19.1

*Arkansas                                19.1

*Kentucky                               19.7

*West Virginia              21.7

 

*These states represent the “disability belt”                                                                   

 

Slide 10: Census 2000: Sensory, Mental, Physical, and/or Self-Care Disability Rate, by County (Ages 21-64)

Map showing the percentage of people reporting disability by county by using quintiles. The map shows high disability rates throughout the southern counties, especially east of Texas. The North demonstrates the lowest rates or disability, especially west of the Mississippi River through the mid-western states. The West Coast has moderate disability rates.

 

Slide 11: Prevalence Rate, by Education (Ages 21-64)

                                                Prevalence

Doctoral degree                                    5.6

Professional school degree                    5.4

Master's degree                                    5.8

Bachelor's degree                                 5.8

Associate's degree                                10.2

Some college, no degree                       12.3

High school graduate                            15.2

Grade 12 no diploma                            19.5

Grade 11                                              23.5

Grades 9 and 10                                   25.8

Grades 8 or less                                   24.0

Overall                                                 12.6

           

Slide 12: Prevalence Rate, by Disability Type (Ages 21-64)

                                    Prevalence

Sensory (S)                              3.0

Physical (P)                              7.8

Mental (M)                               4.4

Self-Care (C)                           2.2

Go-Outside-Home                   3.1

Employment                             7.3

S, P, and/or M                         11.3

S, P, M, and/or C                     11.4

Any disability                            12.6

 

Slide 13: Demographics by Disability Type

·        Age

·        Education: Same patterns as overall, except only physical and employment disabilities have a rise in prevalence between the first two categories (grades 8 and less and grades 9 and 10).

·        Do you have any of the following conditions:

a. Blindness, deafness, or a severe vision or hearing impairment? ... “Sensory Disability”

b. A condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying? ... “Physical Disability”

(continued)

 

Slide 14: Question

·        How do we begin to recognize the environmental component of disability in population statistics?

    Environment characteristics are worth collecting.

    Many policies are oriented to address physical, social, and policy barriers.

 

Slide 15: Reporting of Self-Care, Go-Outside-Home, and Employment Disabilities (Ages 21-64)

Percent of People Reporting one Disability Reporting the Other

Sensory and Self-Care                          16.1

Physical and Self-Care              25.2

Mental and Self-Care                           25.6

Sensory and Go-Outside-Home            23.1

Physical and Go-Outside-Home            29.6

Mental and Go-Outside-Home 38.9

Sensory and Employment                      40.2

Physical and Employment                      63.5

Mental and Employment                       67.9

 

Slide 16: Contact Information

Andrew J. Houtenville, Ph.D.

RRTC on Disability Demographics and Statistics (StatsRRTC)

Employment and Disability Institute

School of Industrial and Labor Relations

Cornell University

303B Dolgen Hall

Ithaca, New York 14853

Telephone: (607) 255-5702

TTY/TDD: (607) 255-2891

Fax: (607) 255-2763

E-mail: ajh29@cornell.edu

Website: www.disabilitystatistics.org

Slide 17: Miscellaneous Slides Not Covered in the Presentation:

 

Slide 18: Prevalence Rate, by Age and Type

Line graph showing prevalence of disabilities among working-age people with separate trends for Physical, Mental and Sensory disabilities. All three trend-lines show relatively low (all under 5%) prevalence rates at the younger ages and increase through the age-group. Physical disability prevalence increases the most dramatically, showing exponential growth. Mental and Sensory disabilities show small, relatively steady growth, reaching a prevalence approaching 15% by age 64.

 

Slide 19: Prevalence Rate, by Age and Type

Line graph showing prevalence of disabilities among working-age people with separate trends for Physical, Mental and Sensory disabilities. All three trend-lines show relatively low (all under 5%) prevalence rates at the younger ages and increase through the age-group. Employment prevalence increases the most dramatically, showing exponential growth. Go-Outside the-Home and Self-Care show small, relatively steady growth, reaching a prevalence approaching 10% by age 64.

 

Slide 20: Prevalence Rate, by Gender and Type (Ages 21-64)

Any Disability Men 12.40         Women 12.80

Sensory            Men 3.51         Women 2.49

Physical            Men 7.31         Women 8.36

Mental              Men 4.31         Women 4.55

Self-Care         Men 1.96         Women 2.40

Go-Outside      Men 2.69         Women 3.58

Employment     Men 7.02         Women 7.56